Sunday, August 23, 2015
The early records of the Town of Erving, MA are full of documentation of property transfers that were registered with the Town Clerk. Most involve livestock. One entry caught my eye as I was paging through Volume 6 dated 1846 - 1887 in the Clerk's office in Town Hall recently.
John Ames of Erving submitted a statement in which he gave his son, Wallace, to James Bass, until he should reach 21 years of age. John states that Wallace was ten years old on 16 January, 1863. Bass is to "clothe and school" the child and care for him "in sickness and in health." The documents do not reveal much more of the circumstances, but I followed the trail.
Wallace was born in Northfield in 1853, as his father said. In 1860, John and his wife Susan lived in Northfield with three children: Eunice, 11, Henry, 9 and Wallace, 7. All three children are found in the Northfield births, but are unnamed. John was a farmer, but did not have any real estate, according to the census. They were older parents, John giving his age as 59 and Susan as 43.
In 1865 the Massachusetts census lists young Wallace with James Bass. The household also includes James' wife, 4 year old daughter, and Asa Packard, age 13. I had hopes that Wallace was going to learn an exciting trade, but Bass is a farmer in Erving. Henry was also living away from his parents in 1865. He is listed with an elderly Clark couple in Stow, MA. John, Susan and Eunice are also listed in Stow. Eunice married John Manning in Stow before the end of 1865. She was only 16.
In 1870, Wallace is known as George W.Ames, still with the Bass family at 17. By then, James had two young daughters, but his wife was not listed. Eunice and her husband John were listed in Bolton.
In 1875 both Henry and George W. married. George was 22 and past his responsibilities to Mr. Bass. By 1880 George W.Ames and his wife Jennie had a son and a daughter in Erving, and his mother, Susan was in the household. They are listed in 1900 in Swanzey NH and in Keene in 1910. Eunice had her children in Bolton and Royalston,and was in Richmond NH in 1880. Henry married in Fitzwilliam, NH, so the family all seemed to be looking north.
There are many details missing in this story, but it seems to be the story of a family on the edge. I'm sure it wasn't unique.
Monday, July 13, 2015
I learned a lot venturing into the New York State Library and Archives today. It must be 20 years since my last trip. I remember looking through census records that weren't available in many other places. The internet was young. Here are my tips:
- They are open on Saturday! I didn't have quit my job just to visit.
- Parking is convenient and only $5, and free after 2 pm if you were nearby and just wanted to drop in.
- The library on the 7th floor caters to genealogists (see photo.)
- The museum is in the same building, so you might be able to bring the family.
- The archives on the 11th floor has lockers to store your stuff, because you are only allowed in with pencil and paper (and cell phone camera)
- The readers for the Vital Records microfiche on the 11th floor come in two varieties: good and bad. Don't get stuck with the little machine that doesn't focus!
- Pop your order form for Vital Rercord orders right into the box there (they have the blank forms too), and reduce the wait time. (They will loan you a pen to sign the $22 check to the New York State Dept. of Health)
- Records that they allowed Ancestry to scan are available by link from their web site, and free to New York residents to search. And all you have to do to prove you are a New York resident is enter a zip code.
- Requesting documents from the paper archive requires waiting an hour or so, but then you can browse your box at will. No gatekeepers to supervise your fingers on every document, unlike some archives.
Thursday, June 11, 2015
My mother used to speak of "poor Edith" because, I'm sure, her Aunt Bess spoke of "poor Edith." Mom wasn't sure what disaster had befallen her. Perhaps she had run away with a mysterious stranger? When I was finally able to uncover her story, I hesitated to share her misfortune publicly. After meeting one of her direct descendants and sharing the story, I decided it was time to honor her with this history.
Edith Colman was born in April of 1877 in Middlefield, Otsego County, New York, just south of the village of Cooperstown, oldest child of John Colman and Ida Pierce. The brothers John and Horace Colman were neighbors, worked together in their father's saw mill, and formed a battery for a local baseball team. John was four years older (b. 1852) and married 10 years sooner (1871). When Edith was eight years old, her cousin Bessie was born to Horace and his wife Maggie Gilgun, my great-grandparents. Aunt Bess was elderly when I knew her, but the memories I have are that she encouraged me to play her piano and built Lincoln Log cabins with me.
Edith appears in the 1880 Federal Census of Middlefield with her family as a four-year-old. Her great-grandfather was living with her family. He survived four more years to die at 84. The 1892 New York State Census presents another snapshot of the family. In addition to her two younger brothers, Edith would have grown up with an older cousin, Lucy Becker nearby, as well as Bessie, I imagine a happy little girl in an inter-generational extended family. Baseball would have been an important leisure activity, played on the field near their homes.
Jumping to the 1900 Federal Census, she is not listed with her family. For a while I was stumped, until I dug deep into the newspaper archive at FultonHistory.com. I found several notices of her early activities. In June of 1889 Edith performed a duet with Lulu Potter at the 'annual exhibition and graduating exercises of the Cooperstown Union School and Academy.' She was awarded the Edward Clark Punctuality Prize three times. She led the Young People's Meeting of the Universalist Church in 1891. On October 13 of 1893 it was reported:
A very pleasant party was given by Miss Edith Coleman at her home near this village, Thursday evening of last week. About forty of her friends were present and a highly enjoyable time was passed in dancing and in other amusements.
Finally, newspaper searches for Bessie Colman yielded a notice of Edith's wedding 21 October 1896 to Keller Clark. Bessie had played the wedding march on the piano, quite an honor for a twelve-year-old! Backing up, I found a notice in the newspaper that "invitations have been issued" on October 9th. The description of the wedding at her home is quite picturesque. Reverend Mr. Perry performed the ceremony in "a most impressive manner." Refreshments were provided for the estimated 80 in attendance.
The parlor in which the ceremony took place was prettily decorated by willing hands of girl friends, evergreens, running pine, bittersweet berries, asparagus and ferns being used. In one corner of the room was an elaborate arch of evergreens and white daisies, beneath which the nuptial knot was tied. The bride wore a gown of white lans down tastefully trimmed with satin ribbon. She carried a bouquet of white roses. The maid of honor wore dotted mul over yellow and carried yellow roses.[Otsego Farmer, 23 October 1896]
Their attendants were Katherine Malloy and Fred G. Hopkins. The newspaper account continues to relate that they went by carriage to Richfield Springs that evening, and from there to Niagra Falls, Toronto, and 'the West.' On November 6 there is a notice that the couple had returned to her parents' home, where they would reside until 'taking up housekeeping' in the Spring.
The groom, Keller Clark, was a local boy, also from Middlefield, described in the matrimonial notice as "a young man of sterling worth and excellent habits." He was a graduate of the Cooperstown Union High School and Toronto Veterinary Collage. Edith had been working for Dr. Knapp, a dentist, prior to their marriage.
The 1900 Federal Census lists the couple in Middlefield on a farm, owned outright. They had a 14 year-old farm hand in the household. In 1905 Keller listed his occupation as veterinary surgeon on the New York State census. They had a son, Harris, born 5 April 1903.
Searching the newspapers further with Edith's married name, I discovered the crisis in the family. On July 14 of 1907, approaching their tenth anniversary, Edith left home, leaving a note that she would never be seen again. Did Bessie have any hint of her trouble? By that time, she was 23 and a teacher. Newspapers as far away as Albany picked up the story and reported that as many as 100 men joined the search. Bloodhounds were set on her scent. It was feared that she had gone into the lake, leaving four-year-old Harris home alone.
This description was released, in hopes that she would be seen somewhere in the region:
Height 5 ft. 2 1/2 inches, weight 136 pounds, light complexion, light hair worn parted in the middle and the back hair done in the shape of a figure eight, had on a blue sailor hat with black quill and a wide brim., white shirt waist pinned at the back of the neck with two small gold pins inked together, gray skirt and laced shoes. She was somewhat round-shouldered and when a little excited her cheeks reddened, good musician.
Weeks went by and no solid leads were found. It took three years before a man searching for ginseng root in the woods within two miles of their home found her remains. The newspapers reported the details, focused on a small bottle of laudanum near her side. The death was ruled a suicide. She was identified by her jewelry and dental records. The mystery was solved. She was laid to rest in Lakeview Cemetery in her parents' plot.
The brief social notes in the local papers mentioned Edith's son, Harris Clark, at various points in his life. At times he was said to be 'visiting' his father, indicating that he spent most of his time with his Clark grandparents. Keller Clark remarried three weeks after Edith was found. Harris continued to spend time with his grandparents. He boarded in Cooperstown while attending Cooperstown Union High School. He was listed with three others in Middlefield as "recent victims of the measles" and improving on 5 May 1916. In the 1920 census he was listed with his uncle Howard Clark at age 17.
Harris married in 1922. His uncle, not his father, gave him 1/2 acre of land to give them a start in life together. He and his wife Lillian Bliss had six children. I was happy to meet their son Robert "Bucko" Clark in 2014 and provide some information on the Colman side of his family.
Saturday, March 14, 2015
I first "met" Marian Pierre Louis on Facebook, and we have been together quite a few times since then at genealogical events. In one of our early conversations, Marian reminded me of the importance of valuing your professional services. Marian continues to help me evaluate my identity as a genealogist through one of her enterprises, The Genealogy Professional Podcast. I have enjoyed the range of advice and experiences presented by her guests. Her professional focus as a genealogist has shifted over time from research to education, and we can all benefit from what she brings.
Conference attendees will have a chance to meet Marian at the New England Regional Genealogical Conference in Providence, RI in April Her talk "Ten Brickwall Tips for Genealogists" will take place on Saturday, April 18. I asked Marian about her session, and about what is going on in her life these days.
The NERGC presentation will focus on practical ways to resolve research challenges. The tips can apply to anyone, from beginners to more advanced researchers. It is a good one! Everyone should be able to walk away with at least one or two tips that they had never considered before. Beginners should find it a real toolbox for approaching genealogy problems.
Marian turned her love of historic homes into a specialty as well. The physical aspect of touching and experiencing a home that someone also loved 200 years ago is intoxicating. She developed a niche, preparing histories of the houses themselves, not the inhabitants. On Facebook she found a community of like-minded historians by establishing a page called Explore Historic Houses. That passion for the structures continues, and she looks forward finding time again to serve as a docent at a nearby museum-house.
Marian found a way to reach out to a wider audience through podcasting. She describes herself as "someone with no experience with audio production whatsoever" but that didn't stop her from embracing the technology. It was a first for me as well as a subscriber when she began "broadcasting" Fieldstone Common. The ambitious weekly schedule brought a series of authors of historic books to an appreciative audience. We followed her through changes in platforms and equipment upgrades. Her ace in the hole is that savior who many rely on for technical help: the teen-aged boy!
Legacy Family Tree Webinars are a popular offering from the Legacy software group. Marian has been a presenter many times in this format as well. She has now joined Legacy part-time as Social Media Marketing Manager, which she describes as a dream job.
It is easy to set aside our family research as we get wrapped up in projects or life - is there life outside of genealogy? Marian shared a recent breakthrough in her family research at her blog: Roots & Rambles. She says, "I have had a re-awakening lately in terms of my own research. I feel like a kid again. I don't want to stop! Now that I don't do client research I have more time for my own family. And with the amount of digitized records that have come online thanks to Ancestry and FamilySearch, I have been able to research my Pennsylvania and New York ancestors better without having to travel. I'm finding the thing that I love most is transforming names and dates into real people. I love learning about the people in a given generation and how they interacted. I still have quite a few brick walls so I think I'll have enough to keep me busy for the rest of my life!"
Sunday, November 30, 2014
In the absence of a photograph, a signature on an old document can make an historical profile just a little more personal. I hope to find images of the Moores and look into their eyes someday.
Edward Moore was born on 25 October 1844 as recorded in the Town of Erving, MA birth records. His father, James, had come as a teen from Connecticut with his family to farm the land near the Millers River, to mill timber and find other ways to harness water power. James had found more than farmland; he married Experience Root Holton 27 October 1841. She and her extended family lived nearby in the southern part of Northfield, known as Northfield Farms. Edward had brothers James, two years older, and Clarence, two years younger. Before his fourth birthday, his mother gave birth to another boy. Edward's life changed drastically when, two weeks later, his mother died of 'fainting fits' on 23 September 1848. Although the infant survived, little Clarence died from dysentery ten days after his mother. It had been a difficult period in the area. James had written to his father on August 14, "As to health, it is quite sickly in the neighborhood, disentary (sic) prevailing generally. Father Holton is on the verge of the grave and we now think he cannot live one week longer." In fact, Edward's grandfather Hezekiah Holton died August 24. There were nine deaths from dysentery listed in the Erving records that summer.
Edward's father, James, was a young man with crops to bring in and had little time to grieve. The new baby was also given the name Clarence. Clarence would have needed constant care. Experience's family likely stepped in. The four-year-old Edward lived for a time with his grandfather, Oliver, who had returned to Connecticut. He had a 10 year old daughter, Emily, with his second wife to entertain Edward. A letter that James wrote tn May of 1849 to his father expresses that he hopes to see Edward soon, and asked that he be fitted out with some new clothes. He reminded him not to forget his brother Jimmy. It appears that young Jimmy and the infant Clarence remained in Erving.
By the time the 1850 census was taken, the children were reunited in Erving with James' second wife, Eliza Jane Austin. Between 1851 and 1856 Edward became the big brother to two more brothers and two sisters. Eliza Jane's parents and sister lived with the family in 1855, according to the Massachusetts census. The household was stricken again when Edward was 14. He lost his step-mother when she succumbed to consumption in 1858. James was left with young children again, and his teen boys. Two of Eliza's children went to live with Experience's brother and his wife. Merritt and Caroline (ages 3 and 5 at the time of their mother's death) were later adopted by their uncle and aunt, Samuel and Samantha Holton. The older boys would have been in school, as well as Lucinda, at seven. Two year old Oliver needed supervision. Did neighbors or family take over his care? In 1859 James remarried to Priscilla Chapin, and in the 1860 census Oliver was with the family. In 1861 the last of the siblings, Mary was born to Priscilla and James.
By 1861, Edward's aunt Emily had married Jacob Bauer. Edward maintained his strong connection to the family in Connecticut. He and Jacob enlisted in the Union Army in Berlin and received a $100 bounty, as recorded in Oliver's diary. Edward was not quite 18 when the 16th Connecticut Volunteers sailed out of Hartford to New York and then on to Washington by rail. A history of the regiment was penned by Lieutenant B. F. Blakeslee in 1875. He described the farewell: "It was almost entirely made up of men in the county, and of excellent material, some of the oldest and best families were represented in its ranks, and comprised many of the finest young men whom the commonwealth ever sent to uphold its honor in the field."
They immediately began marching with Army of the Potomac. Edward was injured at the battle of Antietam a month later. The regiment saw heavy action during the succeeding months. By the time Fort William at Plymouth, NC fell on April 20, 1864 the formerly privileged recruits were seasoned soldiers. With their brothers in arms, Edward and Jacob were taken prisoner. After being held at Andersonville until September 1, they were transferred to Charleston and Florence, SC before they returned home. It has been said that Florence, which opened in September of 1864, subjected the prisoners to even worse conditions than Andersonville. By the end of the war, over half of the 16th were dead. They were welcomed back to Hartford on 29 June 1865. Although he must have suffered greatly, Edward was lucky to survive.
Edward married Laura Sawyer in 1866 in Phillipston, twenty miles to the east. She was a 28-year-old school teacher, living with her parents. It was the first marriage for both, and he listed his occupation as a mechanic. Were they acquainted before the war? Or could her brothers have been their connection? The 1865 census lists two of Laura's brothers as soldiers and one as a machinist. In the 1900 census, Laura states that she had two children, but none living. I have found no evidence of their children.
Tragedy struck the family again in June of 1869. Edward's father James was thrown from a wagon by runaway horses, while on business in Northfield. Newspaper reports state he was dragged and died almost instantly. James' land acquisitions, and his efforts to develop a canal and industrial sites on the river left his heirs with significant holdings.
1871 Beers Map
In 1879 he applied for a Civil War disability pension due to the gunshot wound in his left soldier he received at Antietem, which was corroborated by the War Department in 1881. Edward died at 40 of consumption in Phillipston on 5 May 1885. Laura received a $12 monthly pension after his death. His wife is buried beside him in the Center Cemetery in Phillipston.
Find a Grave photo-Memorial #36136947
Sunday, October 19, 2014
|2003 US Postage Stamp features |
Addie Card of Pownal, VT,
Joe Manning's first subject in the
Lewis Hine collection.
I have been a fan of Joe Manning and his research for several years. If you have never heard him speak about his work researching the subjects of the Lewis Hine photographs, I will warn you: if you don't tear up at some point, you have a heart of stone.
In 1908, Lewis Hine was assigned by the National Child Labor Committee to photograph working children. The organization was lobbying to end the employment of children. Joe was introduced to the collection by a friend and author. I contacted Joe last winter to arrange for him to speak at the spring meeting of the Polish Genealogical Society of Massachusetts. Due to illness, he rescheduled to October, and the talk took place at the Chicopee Public Library last week.
Until Joe told the story, we didn't know that he had become ill in March on his way back from an exhibit opening, celebrating the Young family of Tifton, Georgia. He had met 150 or so descendants at a reunion that started with an image of a little girl in a factory. Their story is here.
During his presentation in Chicopee, the 35 attendees enjoyed his description of the work he undertook to trace the descendants of child laborers in the Hines photos. He included case studies of local subjects from Chicopee and Easthampton, MA. The collection of over 5,000 photographs can be viewed and searched at the Library of Congress. Over the past several years, Joe Manning has traced the families of 350 of the subjects.
The enthusiasm of the attendees at Joe's talk was evident in the Q&A following his slide show. He was asked if he had researched his own family tree. His reply astonished me. Joe said that he had started with a genealogy class given at a local community college in 2002. The instructor had Polish heritage, as he recalled. Heads turned to me in the audience. "Was it Sara Campbell?" one asked. "That's it!" Joe said, "She changed my life."
I have enjoyed lecturing on a variety of genealogical topics for many years. That has included non-credit courses at Greenfield Community College, Holyoke Community College, PGSMa, and several libraries and regional groups. Some students keep in touch and I am always happy to know I have "infected" another beginner, or energized a researcher who had reached a brick wall. I never expected the compliment that Joe gave to me this week.
|Sara Campbell and Joe Manning, October 16, 2014|
at the Chicopee Public Library, Chicopee, MA
Photo by Shari Strahan
Thursday, September 18, 2014
Finding my first Irish census record for my mother's family has brought my attention back to that branch of my family. We are fortunate that my great-grandparents' Irish homeland was known by family lore. "Granny" came from Mullaghroe on the Mullet peninsula in western Mayo (God help us), as she always modified it. In telling what I have learned about my grandmother, Sarah Meeneghan, and her older sister, Mary, in early posts I pulled together much of what I know about the family. The digitized 1911 Irish census has added Irish names to my data base.
My great-grandfather, Dominick Meeneghan, emigrated from Ireland and married in Wheeling. WV in January of 1887. The marriage record lists his parents: William Meeneghan and Mary Riley. There is some evidence that he had followed his bride, Ellen Broderick, who may have come to work as a domestic. A woman I believe to be her sister Margaret was working in a household across the river in Ohio. The couple moved north to Springfield, NY where their first child, Mary, was born in October of that year.
"Cousins" William and Hannah Meeneghan were already established in Springfield. What was their relationship? They must have paved the way for Dominick and enticed him to settle in rural New York. The Meeneghan name is uncommon enough in the US that I can identify all but one or two of those currently in on-line phone directories.
I had no other information beyond the parents' names until I found an April 1906 obituary that lists a Mary Meeneghan as Dominick's sister. It also mentions a "sister in the west." The 1900 census lists her as a servant in the household of William Festus Morgan in Cooperstown.
Another researcher had passed along an Irish birth record from LDS microfilm that lists a daughter, Sarah, to William and Mary in Manraghory. That gives Dominick two sisters, both of whom have namesakes in his family.
This census record for Binghamstown, on the Mullet peninsula, fills out the family and adds several more siblings.
Combining these individuals we can construct what we know of the family unit.
William, b 1829
Mary b. 1835
William b. 1844 (not possible to be the child of William and Mary)
Dominick b. 1857 (Mary was 22)
Mary b. 1860
Sarah b. 1861 (was she the sister 'in the west?')
Catherine b. 1865
Margaret b. 1871
James b. 1874
Anne b. 1881 (Mary was 46)
Certainly, there could be additional children who had left home by 1911. Gaps of more than 2 years could also indicate early deaths. Could there be another William who was the eldest? Naming convention would be to name sons after the grandparents before taking the father's name.
The Irish are not known for being imaginative with family names, and the names of Dominick's children mirror his birth family: Mary, Sarah, Ellen, William, twins Katherine and Anne, Margaret, and John were his children.
The next census schedule indicates that they owned their home, which was called one room, with two windows on the front. It was solidly built of stone, brick or concrete, with a roof of wood or thatch.